What determines the success in sports? Many of us would confidently answer that most important are frequent and intense workouts. Where is hard work – there are effects. But it's not that simple! Equally important are our natural predispositions and limitations, which are defined by the genes.
Obviously, we have no influence on our genotype. But when we know our strengths and weaknesses, we can pave our sport path in a way that will allow us to achieve the best possible results. Here are some reasons why you should check your sport DNA.
To find out which sport are you made for.
Approx. 200 genes determine our sport predispositions. One of these is ACTN3 encoding a protein responsible for the proliferation of fast-twitch muscle fibers. On the variants of this gene depend whether we are "created" for power or endurance sports. People with the “RR” genotype better cope with a great but short effort, meaning they are best in power sports such as sprinting, gymnastics, swimming on short distances, weightlifting, discus or javelin throw. On the other hand, people with a set of genes “XX” perform better in endurance sports (marathon, cycling, sailing or rowing). Whereas “RX” genotype defines that we are good in disciplines requiring both strength and endurance e.g. football, volleyball, basketball, tennis, hockey. Of course genes do not make our decisions- we can still train sports for which we are not naturally predisposed. It may, however, require more effort and time to excel.
To determine your stamina.
Genes affecting good physical condition are also those that encode proteins responsible for the blood pressure control. For example ACE gene, which comes with I and D variants. Those with genotype II better perform in endurance sports because their muscles are stocked with oxygen supplies. DD genotype, by contrast, makes us better in sports that require immediate delivery of large amounts of energy. DNA tests allow to evaluate your cardiorespiratory endurance and perfectly adjust workouts to your inborn potential.
To determine how quickly your body regenerates.
In this case much depends on IGN2 gene responsible for metabolism of lactic acid. It is one of the by-products of glucose combustion, which is the source of energy for the muscles. The faster our lactic acid metabolism is, the faster our bodies regenerate during training. With the results of the DNA test you can develop a DNA -based training program, which will take into account the recovery time and will help you to improve it.
To know how to avoid injuries.
Our susceptibility to injuries depends on several different genes that are responsible for the production of collagen. Those genes determine the proper functioning of joints, tendons and ligaments. By knowing, for example, that your set of genes codes increased risk of Achilles tendon injury you can plan a training session avoiding excessive loads and thus the related injuries.
To adjust your lifestyle and diet.
Tailor-made training is not everything. Our genes may also prompt us what we should eat, eg. how many carbs vs. protein should we consume, and what supplements to take to achieve better results in sports. Lifestyle has huge impact on our bodies as well. Genes determine how much sleep we need (ASMT gene - responsible for the synthesis of melatonin), how often we should take a break from training and how many rest days do we really need to recover.
To assess whether the sport can be risky for you.
Genetic tests can also detect rare mutations. Although they sometimes do not affect every-day live, they can cause a lot of harm during intense workouts. The example of insidious illness is Sickle Cell Trait. It occurs when a man or a woman has one altered copy of the HBB gene. Such people during extended anaerobic effort may suffer from rhabdomyolysis - muscle tissue damage, which can result in embolism and acute renal failure.
To be healthier and look better.
Improve health, trim waistline, lose weight, feel more confident and look better - these are the most popular targets of amateur athletes. But very often it seems that it is not that simple- people quickly get tired and discouraged, and finally, they give up training. What should we do to increase our motivation? DNA test leverage our training knowledge. We can have great shape much quicker, without wasting time and energy on tedious exercises not adapted to our natural predispositions.
Because it's so easy!
DNA testing is painless. Once you order DNA test from our online store, we will send back a DNA kit. Collect DNA sample by swabbing the internal part of the cheek. You will receive Sport DNA report by email within three weeks, together with a recommendation of a training program that will help you achieve the best results.
This is where the genetics ends up. The rest depends only on us because the genes are not everything. There needs to be a bit of persistence and long hours of training! However, if you make full use of the opportunities that gives sport DNA testing, you will have a much greater chance of success.
Let's talk about you!